Tyrone Pest Control  |  520 Pearson Court | Prince Albert, Saskatchewan | S6V6C6 | Tel: 306 764 4800 Fax 306 764 0057 
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Mice and Rats - Hantavirus  

In order to deal with rodents we follow the procedure outlined by the world health leader for the prevention and control of infectious disease. The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention: 1. Seal it up  2. Trap and Bait it 3. Clean it up How to clean up rodent urine or droppings; Click here: Instructions for Rodent Clean up word document or Click here PDF   Click here Mice Rats/Urine and droppings.pdf Tyrone Pest Control Process for mice cleaning (camper, motorhome, tent trailers, automobiles) 1st Visit Stages (1-3) 2nd Visit Stages (4- 5) after 7 days    Click on email address for a request of information on our special cleaning process email request to mike.mitchell@sasktel.net  Re: Mice Cleaning Process   Deer Mice  Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome [HAN-tuh-vi-rus PUL-mun-air-ee SIN-drome] (HPS) is a rare but serious, and often deadly, lung infection. HPS is caused by a type of virus called a hantavirus. The hantavirus that causes HPS is carried by rodents found throughout North America. People get HPS when they breathe in dust that is contaminated with saliva, urine, or droppings from infected rodents. No anti-virus drug is effective against HPS, and there is no vaccine. To prevent HPS, avoid contact with rodents, and avoid inhaling dust that might be contaminated with rodent urine, saliva, or droppings. What is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome? Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a rare but serious, and often deadly, lung infection. What is the infectious agent that causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome? Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is caused by the Sin Nombre virus. This virus is a type of hantavirus. Most hantaviruses attack the kidneys, but the Sin Nombre virus attacks the lungs. It infects the walls of the capillaries (tiny blood vessels in the lungs), making them leak and flooding the lungs with fluid. Where is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome found?  Hantaviruses are found in rodents in different parts of the world. Each hantavirus has a preferred rodent host. The Sin Nombre virus is carried by the deer mouse, the cotton rat, and perhaps other rodents common throughout North America. These rodents live in semi-rural and rural areas and infest camps, old buildings, barns, and homes. How do people get hantavirus pulmonary syndrome? Wild rodents spread HPS to people. The Sin Nombre virus is passed in the saliva, urine, and droppings of infected rodents. The virus can live for a few days in contaminated dirt and dust. People are infected when they breathe in tiny particles of these materials in dust from places where rodents are living and active. People can also be infected by handling contaminated materials and then touching the mouth or nose.  HPS is not spread from person to person. Cats and dogs do not spread the illness either, although they can bring infected rodents into contact with humans. What are the signs and symptoms of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome? The first symptoms are general and flu-like: fever (101oF-104oF), headache, stomach pain, pain in the joints and lower back, coughing, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. The main symptom is difficulty breathing as the lungs fill with fluid. This can quickly lead to an inability to breathe and, in severe cases, death from suffocation. How soon after exposure do symptoms appear? Symptoms can appear from 3 days to 6 weeks after infection, but usually within 2 weeks.How is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome diagnosed? Because the early symptoms are not specific and vary from person to person, HPS is hard to identify in its early stages. It is usually detected only when it affects the lungs and causes breathing problems. Who is at risk for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome? People who should take special precautions against HPS are: 1) people who often handle or are exposed to rodents, such as wildlife biologists and exterminators, 2) people who clean or work in attics or crawl spaces where rodents might be living and active, and 3) people who clean or renovate buildings that might be actively infested with rodents. What complications can result from hantavirus pulmonary syndrome? Infected persons can develop untreatable respiratory failure. HPS is fatal to more than half of those who become infected. What is the treatment for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome? No virus-killing drug is effective against HPS. Although there has been some experimental use of the anti-virus drug, ribavirin, mechanical ventilation (use of a respirator) is the main treatment. Most patients need to be hospitalized in intensive care. The sooner an infected person gets medical treatment, the better the chance of recovery. How common is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome? HPS is a rare disease. It was first recognized in 1993 after the investigation of an outbreak of sudden fatal respiratory illness in the southwestern United States. Since then, no more than 100 cases of HPS have been identified in 20 states, mostly in the western part of the country. Is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome a new or emerging infectious disease? Yes. The Sin Nombre virus is a newly recognized virus, and HPS is a newly recognized disease. Scientists are working to learn more about it and to develop diagnostic tests and treatments. How can hantavirus pulmonary syndrome be prevented? The best way to prevent HPS is to avoid contact with rodents and to avoid inhaling dust that might be contaminated with rodent saliva, urine, or droppings. Control mice inside. Keep the kitchen clean, and store food and trash in containers with tight lids. Carefully dispose of dead rodents trapped indoors or brought inside by pets. Rodent-proof the house by sealing cracks and clearing brush from around foundations. Control mice outside. Eliminate possible nesting sites. Elevate hay, woodpiles, and garbage cans, and place them away from the house. Store animal food in closed containers. Use safety precautions when cleaning indoor or outdoor areas that might be contaminated with rodent saliva, urine, or droppings. Do not stir up and breathe dust. Before cleaning, wet down potentially contaminated areas with a household disinfectant (such as bleach or alcohol). While cleaning, wear rubber gloves, and disinfect them after use. Dust masks that cover the nose and mouth can also help. When participating in outside activities, stay clear of rodents and their burrows and nests. Keep campsites clean and food tightly sealed. Open up and air out outbuildings and rural or wilderness cabins before entering or cleaning. Remove garbage and trash before leaving. Where can I find more information about hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?   Click here for more information from the http://www.cdc.gov/ http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/hanta/hps/index.htm   RATS RATS RATS..... The two most common species of rat are the black rat and the brown rat. Both species of rat are found in all parts of the world. The rat is generally found in small, dark places and is thought to have originated in Asia before migrating across countries and being accidental passengers on human voyages. The rat is now one of the most widely spread and adaptable animals in the world. The rat is a small scavenger mammal that has proved to be a pest in both urban and rural areas where rats are normally present due to an abundance of food. Rats are known to kill smaller livestock on farms, and there is the myth that you are only ever 5ft away from a rat at anytime. The rat can also carry and spread disease to a devastating effect although diseases carried by rats are generally not passed on to humans. However, in the middle ages, the black plague wiped out nearly two thirds of the European population. The disease was not caused by the rats directly but was actually caused by infected fleas carried on rats. The most distinctive difference between rats and mice is their size. Rats tend to be much larger than mice and it is because of this that new rodent species that are discovered are easily classified as rats or mice. In the wild, rats are preyed upon by many different animals including snakes, wildcats and birds prey. In some cultures rats are hunted and eaten as food by humans. The bandicoot rat is a stable and popular food source in parts of Southeast Asia but it is thought that the eating of rats has not become popular elsewhere due to the eating of rats being socially acceptable in other cultures. Today, rats are commonly kept as pets all over the world and are thought to have been bred as pets since the 1800s. Pet rats pose the same health risks to& humans as other household animals so are not seen to carry harmful diseases. When tame, rats can be extremely friendly and can be taught to perform selective tasks such as doing certain actions in order to get food. Rats are fast breeders and give birth to large litters of baby rats meaning that pet rats of different sexes should be separated at around a month old. Rats are able to start having babies at around 5 weeks of age and female rats give birth to litters of between 6 and 10 baby rats after a gestation period of 22 days. Although rats can live until they are 4 or 5 years old, female rats can no longer have babies after they are about 18 months old. Rats are omnivorous animals and eat a mixture of plant and animal matter in order to get all the right nutrients. Rats are known to eat almost anything and the high rubbish levels in cities, as given way to a new generation of over sized super rats. The large rats are much bigger than the average rat and are more dominant in their environment meaning that the smaller rat species tend to suffer as a consequence. Government Regulations Health Canada Announces New Rodent Poison Regulations Health Canada is informing consumers, retailers and pest control operators of new measures to reduce the risks associated with the use of certain rodent control pesticides, also known as rodenticides. The new measures are aimed at reducing the exposure of children, pets and non-target animals to rodenticides. Among the requirements: Rodenticides used by individual consumers or professional pest control operators in areas accessible to children and pets will have to be placed in a tamper-proof bait station. Rodenticides sold to individual consumers will have to be packaged together with a pre-baited, ready-to-use bait station. Certain rodenticides with high levels of toxicity and that take a long time to break down in the environment will be available only to professional pest control operators or farmers for limited use.  The changes follow new regulations introduced by the United States Pesticide Regulation Authority. Manufacturers have until December 31, 2012 to have the new labeling and packaging in place. Until then, consumers should keep these safety tips in mind when using rodenticides they may have already purchased or that are still on store shelves: Read the label directions and safety precautions before using any rodenticide and use only as directed. Store rodenticides away from food and out of reach of children. Use gloves when handling rodenticides. When using rodenticides, place them in an area inaccessible to children, pets and non-targeted wildlife.

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